The Australian railway network is a crucial part of the transportation network. The Australian railway system is 33,168 kilometers long and consists of three track gauges. The railways in Australia are government owned, except for a few railways that are run by private owners. Australia boasts some of the longest trains in the world with their iron ore trains in the Western region. These iron ore trains are run by privately owned enterprises and are based in the Pilbara region of the country. For more information on Australian railways, check out the links below.